For the past few decades, we have witnessed a lot of improvement in Science and Technology, from minor to extraordinary improvements that have changed our life forever. It’s a transformation in the way we live and work, affecting entire industries and economies, and even challenging our notion of what it means to be human.
Here is the list of Top 08 of the greatest projects in Technology that have changed the world.
1. European X-ray free-electron laser:
The European X-ray free-electron laser (European XFEL) is an X-ray research laser facility commissioned during 2017.The international project involved with 12 countries, including:
- 09shareholders: Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Sweden and Switzerland.
- 03partners: Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom.
The project took place in the German federal states of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein.
The European XFEL is constructed such that the electrons produce X-ray light in synchronization, resulting in high-intensity X-ray pulses with the properties of laser light and at intensities much brighter than those produced by conventional synchrotron light sources.
The 3.4-kilometre (2.1 mi) long tunnel for the European XFEL housing the superconducting linear accelerator and photon beamlines runs 6 to 38 m (20 to 125 ft.) underground from the site of the DESY research center in Hamburg to the town of Schenefeld in Schleswig-Holstein, where the experimental stations, laboratories and administrative buildings are located.
2. Three Gorges Dam, China:
The Three Gorges Dam is a hydroelectric gravity dam that spans the Yangtze River by the town of Sandouping, located in Yiling District, Yichang, Hubei province, China. The Three Gorges Dam is the world’s largest power station in terms of installed capacity (22,500 MW).
The dam project was completed and fully functional as of July 4, 2012. In 2014 the dam generated 98.8 terawatt-hours (TWh) and had the world record but later on 2016 there were another dam surpassed this record.
Together with producing electricity purpose, the Three Gorges Dam is intended to increase the Yangtze River’s shipping capacity and reduce the potential for floods downstream by providing flood storage space.
However, the dam flooded archaeological and cultural sites and causedaround 1.3 million peoplehave to relocate their living place, and is causing significant ecological changes, including an increased risk of landslides. The dam has been controversial both domestically and abroad.
3. Project Apollo: First Men on the Moon.
On May 25, 1961, six weeks after the Soviet Union (old Russia) succeeded in sending Yuri Gagarin into Earth orbit, John F. Kennedy went before Congress in a nationally televised address and asked his country to “commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon”, and this is how Project Apollo was born.
Project Apollo, also known asThe Apollo program, was the 03rdUnited States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which accomplished landing the first humans on the Moon from 1969 to 1972.
Landing men on the Moon by the end of 1969 required the most sudden burst of technological creativity, and the largest commitment of resources ($25 billion; which equal to $107 billion in 2016 exchange rate) ever made by any nation in peacetime. The project also involved 400,000 people and required the support of over 20,000 industrial firms and universities.
4. International Space Station (ISS):
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit. Its first component launched into orbit in 1998, the last pressurized module was fitted in 2011, and the station is expected to be used until 2028.
The ISS has been described as the most expensive single item ever constructed. In 2010 the cost was expected to be $150 billion. This includes budget from NASA and combine with many countries all over the world like: Russia, Europe, Japan, Canada and the cost of 36 shuttle flights to build the station.
The ISS is visible to our human naked eyes as a slow-moving, bright white dot because of reflected sunlight, and can be seen in the hours after sunset and before sunrise, when the station remains sunlit but the ground and sky are dark. The station is visible from 95% of the inhabited land on Earth, but is not visible from extreme northern or southern latitudes
5. Artificial Intelligence Project CALO:
CALO was an artificial intelligence project that attempted to integrate numerous AI technologies into a cognitive assistant. CALO is an acronym for “Cognitive Assistant that Learns and Organizes”. The name was inspired by the Latin word “calonis,” which means “soldier’s servant”.
CALO was funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) under its Personalized Assistant that Learns (PAL) program.CALO assists its user with six high-level functions:
- Organizing and Prioritizing Information
- Preparing Information Artifacts
- Mediating Human Communications
- Task Management
- Scheduling and Reasoning in Time
- Resource allocation
The CALO effort has had many major spin-offs, most notably the Siri intelligent software assistant that is now part of the Apple iOS since iOS 5, delivered in several phones and tablets.
6. Human Genome Project:
The Human Genome Project (HGP) was an international scientific research project with the goal of determining the sequence of nucleotide base pairs that make up human DNA, and of identifying and mapping all of the genes of the human genome from both a physical and a functional standpoint.
Until now, this project still remains as the world’s largest collaborative biological project. After the idea was picked up in 1984 by the US government when the planning started, the project formally launched in 1990 and was declared complete in 2003
The sequencing of the human genome holds benefits for many fields, from molecular medicine to human evolution. Another proposed benefit is the commercial development of genomics research related to DNA based products, a multibillion-dollar industry.
7. The Large Hadron Collider:
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world’s largest and most powerful particle colliderand the largest single machine in the world. It was built by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) between 1998 and 2008 in collaboration with over 10,000 scientists and engineers from over 100 countries, as well as hundreds of universities and laboratories.
The LHC lies in a tunnel 27 kilometers (~17 mi) in circumference, and 175 meters (574 ft.) deep down beneath the France–Switzerland border near Geneva.
The LHC Computing Grid was constructed as part of the LHC design, to handle the massive amounts of data expected for its collisions. It is an international collaborative project that consists of a grid-based computer network infrastructure initially connecting 170 computing centers in 36 countries.
8. The Manhattan Project:
The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons. It was led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada. This is where Little Boy and Fat Man bombs, the 2 atomic bombs that were dropped into Hiroshima and Nagasaki, were born.
A total average cost of four weapons (the Trinity gadget, Little Boy, Fat Man, and an unused bomb) were produced by the end of 1945, is around $500 million in 1945 dollars.
Overall, it was the second most expensive weapons project undertaken by the United States in World War II, behind only the design and production of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress.
For the past few decades, there are so many projects have changed our world in a positive way. Whether it’s small changes or incredible leaps done by a large group or just one person, technology has not just allowed for the advancement, but a court-side view to all the excitement right at your fingertips.